The number of people infected with HIV is increasing, both worldwide and in Tokyo.

We need to learn more about AIDS.

What is AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome)?

(1) It is a disease that develops through infection with a virus called HIV (human immunodeficiency virus)

(2) HIV gradually weakens the immune system which is supposed to protect your body against diseases.

(3) HIV reproduces inside your body, even though no symptoms may appear in the early stages.

(4) Various symptoms develop over the course of a few years up to more than ten years after infection.

Anyone can become infected

This state is called “AIDS.”There are three infection channels.

(Infectious HIV can be present in blood, semen, vaginal secretions and breast milk.)

* The only way to find out whether or not you are infected is through a test.AIDS is a disease that can be prevented.

It is not transmitted through everyday social contacts, such as normal school and workplace activities.

Infection through sexual activity are currently the most rapidly increasing cause

Infection from mother to baby(during pregnancy, during childbirth, and through breast milk)

Infection through blood Sharing of used syringes, such as when injecting narcotics in a group situation

Many people do notrealize that they are infected with HIV.

Many people do not know that their partners are infected with HIV.

AIDS is a disease that can be prevented. It is not transmitted through everyday social contacts, such as normal school and workplace activities.

Early detection and early treatment can be beneficial

(1) Research and development of medicines are progressing. It is now possible to prevent AIDS from developing by providing appropriate treatment at the right time, while periodically checking to determine whether and to what extent the immune system has been weakened.

(2) We have a system for subsidizing this treatment.

(3) Pregnancy and childbirth without infecting the partner or the baby are possible.

(4) Methods for preventing other infectious diseases and for preventing infection from your body are available.

Points on prevention

・ Safer sex: If you do not know whether you or your partner is infected, make proper use of condoms.

・ Appropriate treatment during pregnancy and childbirth

・ Do not share a syringe (do not use narcotic drugs).

Never re-use a condom.* Condoms can also prevent infection with other sexually transmitted diseases.* Condoms are available at convenience stores and drug stores.

You can undergo an HIV test anonymously (namelessly) and free of charge

(You do not have to show your identification card or health insurance card.)

・ Public health center: Ask the public health center about testing dates/times, etc.

・ Tokyo Metropolitan Minami-shinjuku Testing and Counseling Office

(testing is available at night as well.)

Reservation hours: Monday-Friday: 3:30 p.m. to 7:00 p.m., Weekends: 1:00 p.m. to 4:30 p.m. (excluding national holidays and year-end/New Year holidays [December 28 to January 3])

Reservations phone number: 03-3377-0811

You can receive AIDS counseling anonymously andfree of charge

・ Public health center: Ask the public health center for details.

・ Tokyo Metropolitan Government AIDS Counseling

Phone: 03-3292-9090 (9:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. on weekdays, and 2:00 p.m. to 5:00 p.m.

on weekends and holidays)

The Other Organization for Consultation

AMDA International Medical Information Center

English, Chinese, Korean, Thai, Spanish Portuguese Tagalog

03-5285-8088

Monday-Friday: 9:00 to17:00 Monday,Wednesday, Friday:9:00 to 17:00 Wednesday: 13:00 to 17:00

Tokyo Metropolitan Medical Information Service”Himawari”

English, Chinese, Korean, Thai, Spanish

03-5285-8181

9:00~20:00Use this service to search formedical institutions that offerforeign-language consultations